Task list that represents a paper process that teachers used to follow to plan standards-based goals for students
Written by Laurie McDanel on July 7, 2021

Multiple Tiers of Instruction

What Did the Endrew Case Teach Us about FAPE?

In 2017,  the U.S. Supreme Court decided on the most significant special-education case in over 35 years. In fact, they ruled unanimously in the Endrew F. v. Douglas County School District. Notably, this decision found in Endrew’s case discusses the meaning of free and appropriate public education (FAPE). According to the decision, IEPs need to be based on the unique educational needs of the students. More importantly,  IEPs should allow students to make progress each year. 

To clarify, teachers use formative assessments to evaluate student learning during instruction. Types of formative assessments include progress monitoring, exit tickets, teacher questioning, and quizzes.

Additionally, the IRIS Center states that formative assessment is a good way to measure student progress.




Understanding the unique needs of students with disabilities is essential for providing a high-quality IEP.

For this reason, IEP teams present information that describes a student’s unique needs in the present level of academic and functional performance.


If you just want to be sure you are offering FAPE, check out how Dot It can help you feel confident that you are!



Share this post

Explore more resources for smarter MTSS and special education

Teacher successfully connecting the dots between their students

Stay connected with us

Subscribe to our mailing list to never miss a connection on how to make your MTSS and Special Education process smarter. As a bonus, you will also receive the 9 Keys to a Connected Strategy to help you plan and present smarter right now.